Comparison Between Reversed Phase C18 and C8 SPE Cartridge
Sample Pretreatment Technology
SPE cartridge is a widely used and popular sample pretreatment technology. It uses solid adsorbent to adsorb the target compounds in liquid samples and separate them from the matrix and interference compounds of the samples. Then elution or pyrolysis adsorption was used to separate and enrich the target compounds. On the basis of traditional liquid-liquid extraction, it adopts the principle of similar phase dissolution between substances and combines the basic knowledge of liquid chromatography and gas chromatography stationary phase.
The difference between reversed phase C18 and reversed phase C8 SPE cartridge
Reversed phase C18 SPE cartridge is of 40-75μm particle size, 0.8cm³/g pore volume, 480m²/g surface area. The retention mechanism is that moderate hydrophobic retention provides negligible secondary polar interactions, and keeps less retentive alternative for the non-polar compound. Reversed phase C8 SPE cartridge has a high retention rate for non-polar to moderately polar compounds. And most non-polar compounds can remain in the hydrophobic reversed phase.
Similarity on reversed phase C18 and reversed phase C8 SPE cartridge
Moreover, the reversed phase C8 SPE cartridge is of strong hydrophobic selectivity and a wide range of pH, which fits for retaining organic compounds in biological matrices and aqueous substance. And reversed phase C8 SPE cartridge can be used to separate biomolecules such as lipids, bile acids, and antibiotics, or applied to analyze poisons, pollutants, and their metabolites in biological matrices.
Compared to the C8 SPE cartridge, the reversed phase C18 SPE cartridge is of multiple cartridge sizes and modes for choice. Its high carbon loading can greatly enhance recovery and retention ability. High chemical compatibility and strong acid tolerance are guaranteed by medical PP grade cartridge. What’s more, different structures in the same samples are easy conductive to extract multiple analytes.
0peration Steps of SPE Cartridge
The operation steps of the SPE cartridge are as follows:
1. The polar samples are extracted from the nonpolar matrix;
2. Then activation: 3-5 ml nonpolar solvent elution column;
3. Cleaning: eluting adsorbed sample with 5 ml of appropriate nonpolar solvent;
4. Elution: the sample to be tested is eluted into the collection container in batches with 1-5 ml polar solvent;
5. Rinse packing bed with 3-5ml methanol, do not let packing dry. And apply the sample solution to the top of the packing bed. Samples for analysis have freely passed through the bed without being retained. Moreover, if the desired compound was retained, wash off weakly retained interfering compounds with a polar solvent.
There are two questions about using the SPE cartridge.
Due to the complexity of the sample matrix, the sieve has a pore size of 20um, and particles need to be filtered out before loading. For example, a protein-containing sample needs to be treated with acid, salt, organic solvent, heating, etc.; for general matrices, it should be processed by filtration, centrifugation, or high-speed centrifugation, changing to large pore fillers, etc.
Now many third-party testing units have a lot of samples, but the pre-processing steps that should be done cannot be saved, otherwise, the instrument will be damaged and the data will be affected.
Rinsing and elution
Generally, there are relatively few cases of slow flow rate in the two steps of rinsing, and elution, because rinsing, and elution are pure solvents without matrix. Generally, there is no blockage in the sample loading step, which will not affect it.
It is possible that the slow flow rate is after rinsing the cartridge and drying because once the cartridge is dried, air will enter the packing, which returns to the sixth cause of the slow flow rate caused by activation equilibrium, which can be solved by applying a little pressure.